We reproduce a selection of figures and tables in the book, as listed below.
To access a particular figure or table from the selection which we provide on this site, click on the appropriate link below.
Figure 2.1 Global annual vehicle production since 1900 – shows how the production of motor vehicles has grown since the auto industry’s inception at the start of the early 1900s. Over 90 million vehicles, including both passenger cars and commercial vehicles, were produced worldwide in 2015.
Figure 3.3 The evolution of management paradigms in the auto industry – shows how different car companies have moved within the competitive space bordered by product variety on one side and production efficiency on the other..
In the early 1900s Ford made great strides in production efficiency, but at the price of variety. GM broke the mould in terms of providing variety and multiple brands, albeit at some cost in terms of efficiency and quality. Toyota made a quantum leap in efficiency combined with variety, but has struggled at the premium end of the market, especially in Europe.
In early 2015 VW appeared to be the class leader, using well-executed platform sharing to support multiple brands, including premium ones, from a common engineering base. However, the complexity of this proved difficult for VW executives to manage, as the VW emissions scandal in late 2015 demonstrated.
Figure 4.8 Conceptual model – Operations, Stakeholders and Context – shows how the context of auto industry (over capacity and market complexity) interacts with corporate characteristics such as operational effectiveness, scale, market reach and stakeholder support to determine both the probability of experiencing a crisis and the capability to survive one.
Figure 5.5 Production of Rovers, Land Rovers and Minis in the UK, 1970-2013 – shows the long decline of Rover Cars, and the near-impossible situation the Phoenix Consortium inherited in 2000. From making nearly a million cars a year in the early 1970s, production at the Company halved by 1980 and then stabilized at around 400,000 a year (excluding Landrover and Jaguar) for nearly 20 years. The final and fatal fall in production began around 1997, but it was eight years before the company finally ceased production. Jaguar was sold off in 1984; in 2000 Landrover was sold to Ford and Mini became part of BMW . “Leyland’s children” survive – and are prospering.
Table 7.2 Examples of crises – provides a summary of a cross section of automotive crisis and their outcomes 1945-2014.
Resilience league table.– shows a summary of the relative resilience of 14 leading auto firms. A greatly simplified version of a much more substantial table in the book (Table 8.2).